What is 6G? 5G vs 6G, Speed & More
In simple words, 6G is widely believed to be smarter, faster and more efficient than 5G. It promises mobile data speeds 100 times faster than 5G network currently available in limited countries. With speeds of up to 100 times of 100 gigabits per second, 6G is set to be as much as 100 times faster than 5G.
Future Technologies are Closer Than We Think | 6G
While operators are introducing 5G networks , developers have already begun active work on the development and creation of sixth-generation networks, or 6G. In particular, the Huawei announced that it has begun research on 6G — the successor to 5G mobile networks which are not yet widespread, according to its CEO Ren Zhengfei.
He said it’s in an “early phase” and there’s still “10 years to go” before commercialization.
It is now necessary to decide which frequency bands will be used and how they will be licensed by telecom companies. At the same time, the term 6G is still a symbol, because a single definition and even a standard still does not exist.
Tom Wheeler said: “I don’t care what to call it: millimeter waves, 6G or xyz. But we need to start discussions to solve these issues.”
“Nobody Knows How the 6G Standard Will Look Like”
Despite the uncertain standards, this does not mean that there are no real technologies – they already exist. For example, Samsung recently successfully tested wireless networks at about 7.5 Gb / s, which is about 30 times more than LTE, and about a thousand times more than the average fixed broadband user.
One of the main and fundamental differences of 6G technologies is the use of millimeter waves, which allow the use of high-energy frequencies. The use of such frequencies will dramatically increase not only the connection speed, but also the wave propagation range. However, this will increase the permeability of the network – the ability to envelop obstacles and bends of the landscape.
As per experts “Next-generation networks need to be seriously upgraded. How do you meet these requirements? You need to look into the distance. Very, very, far. To infinity and even further.”
It is believed that, theoretically, the 6G standard will increase the speed of wireless communications to 100 times faster than 5G. Currently, the best, fastest fixed fiber optic channels currently have a bandwidth of 100 Gbps. And 5G speeds will allow users to download movies in the Blue-Ray format in a split second. Then think about 6G.
5G standards will have to solve another problem, in addition to increasing speed: in the near future, not only smartphones, tablets and computers will be connected to the Internet; but also cars, household appliances, smart home systems, and much more. Consequently, telecommunications companies will need to significantly increase capacity not only in terms of bandwidth, but also in coverage. Now think about network, application using 6G, that will be 100 times faster than 5G.
According to Huawei, 5G networks will be fully available in 2020 for commercial use.
The process of developing Internet access technologies continues. It seems that recently began running networks 4G standard, the LTE , but experts from the company Huawei has been developing wireless 5G.
There is a possibility that already in 2020 there will be a shortage of network access speed and there will be a need for more modern data transfer technology, which will allow access to the network at speeds up to 10 Gbit / second at any point in the network. Of course, these are the maximum values of the transmission speed (in the incoming channel), in reality, the speeds will have lower values, as with all previous technologies , but the speed will be enough to satisfy any user requests.
5G Network Background
According to the forecasts of specialists from Huawei, which is one of the leaders in the development and production of equipment for organizing wireless networks (both 3G and 4G), the need for a new data transfer technology will arise very soon and by 2020 it is necessary to begin construction of 5G networks to satisfy all subscriber requests.
In the next decade, the number of mobile Internet users will increase many times, in connection with this there will be a lack of bandwidth and the inability to provide quality service, which is why modernization of existing data transfer technologies is necessary.
Today, subscribers of networks of the 3rd and 4th generations have a good or acceptable quality of the service provided . With an increase in the load on base stations, the throughput will noticeably decrease, therefore, it is necessary to expand the capacity or move to a new level, giving subscribers with the same capacities a better service at a higher access speed.
According to the head of the LKT Huawei (Laboratory for Communication Technologies), the entry into the 5G network market will attract many more subscribers to the connection. The emergence of services that require large bandwidth capabilities, such as video communications, which require a high data transfer rate for high-quality image transmission, as well as minimal delay between devices for a greater reality of presence.
5G networks, together with other existing computing technologies, will make the world even more mobile and truly affordable.
On December 24, the spokesperson of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Wen Ku, director of the Information and Communication Development Department, said that it is necessary to strengthen technological innovation, continue to promote 5G technology research and development trials, and accelerate the maturity of technical products such as network slicing, edge computing, chip modules, and instrumentation. , Enhance the supporting capabilities of the industry’s foundation, increase millimeter wave trials, and promote the maturity of millimeter wave products. Accelerate the mature application of the R16 standard, and at the same time promote the continuous evolution of the subsequent R17 and R18 standards. In addition, we must look forward to the future and carry out 6G vision research to promote the sustainable development of the mobile communications industry.
According to Wenku, China’s 5G is running fast this year and has achieved relatively good results. First, the network construction is progressing steadily. Now that the inventory is taken, about 580,000 5G base stations have been added this year, and 330,000 5G base stations have been jointly built and shared, which is a step closer to the previous sharing concept. Second, the terminal aspect. From January to November, domestic market shipments of 5G mobile phones were 144 million, and a total of 199 new models of mobile phones on the market accounted for about half of all mobile phones, one was 51.4% and the other was 47.7%. Third, the number of users is growing very fast. The number of 5G terminal connections has exceeded 200 million.
In the future, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will work with relevant departments to further optimize the layout of data center construction, improve the level of application development, and gradually improve application types, cloud service capabilities, application depth and software richness, and strongly support the needs of 5G and the digital development of various industries.
First of all, we must build well. It is necessary to coordinate the deployment, promote the construction of information infrastructure, and follow the principle of moderate advancement to solidly promote the construction of 5G networks. On the basis of the 5G network reaching a certain scale, move from large-scale construction and extensive coverage to on-demand construction and in-depth coverage. Scenario requirements to create a high-quality 5G network. With the rapid development of networks and terminals, data centers must keep up. Data centers must not only build computer rooms to improve electricity and transmission, but also improve the level of applications and services. In the application of cloud service cargo software, Internet companies and operating companies need to increase their efforts in this regard, and they must provide the world The advanced level is in line. In the next step, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will work with relevant departments to further optimize the layout of data center construction, improve the level of application development, and gradually improve application types, cloud service capabilities, application depth and software richness, and strongly support the needs of 5G and the digital development of various industries. .
Second, apply it well. Unlike 4G, the world faces unprecedented challenges in 5G applications. At the same time, 5G applications also have wider application spaces and fields. 5G provides a good foundation for applications in various industries such as agriculture, manufacturing, and medical care. In the promotion and application of 5G in all walks of life, in addition to meeting the differentiated needs of the industry, telecom operators also have to do a lot of work. For example, in terms of network architecture, business management, network operation and maintenance, etc., adaptive adjustments should be made according to new application scenarios, making the enterprise network using 5G simpler, easier to use, and easier to operate. Telecom companies, Internet companies, various vertical industry application companies, as well as integrated development companies and solution providers that can promote 5G. These companies must deepen collaboration, especially to give full play to the catalytic role of 5G solution providers , To promote the collaboration of all parties, jointly promote the integrated development of 5G and the real economy of manufacturing, energy, transportation, agriculture and other fields, and accelerate the digitalization, networking and intelligent transformation of traditional industries.
Third, develop well. It is necessary to strengthen technological innovation, continue to advance 5G technology research and development trials, accelerate the maturity of technical products such as network slicing, edge computing, chip modules, and instrumentation, enhance the basic support capabilities of the industry, increase millimeter wave trials, and promote the maturity of millimeter wave products. Accelerate the mature application of the R16 standard, and at the same time promote the continuous evolution of the subsequent R17 and R18 standards. In addition, we must look forward to the future and carry out 6G vision research to promote the sustainable development of the mobile communications industry.
According to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, my country’s software industry continued to recover from January to November, with stable revenue growth and a slight decline in profit growth. The revenue from e-commerce platform technical services and integrated circuit design maintained rapid growth. From January to November, my country’s software industry completed a software business revenue of 7,314.2 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 12.5%, a drop of 3.0 percentage points from the same period last year, and an increase of 0.8 percentage points from January to October. From January to November, the industry realized a total profit of 900.9 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.1%, a decrease of 0.2 percentage points from January to October, and a decrease of 3.9 percentage points from the same period last year.
- Amram is a technical analyst and partner at DFI Club Research, a high-tech research and advisory firm .He has over 10 years of technical and business experience with leading high-tech companies including Huawei,Nokia,Ericsson on ICT, Semiconductor, Microelectronics Systems and embedded systems.Amram focuses on the business critical points where new technologies drive innovations.